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| Jerusalem @ 51: A Look at 10 Years of Growth

Zev Stub    
Friday, 11 May 10:57 AM
In United Jerusalem's 51st year, the data shows:

The city of Jerusalem has grown tremendously over the past 10 years in all areas

90% of Jerusalemites are satisfied with their lives

Mayor of Jerusalem, Nir Barkat: "After 10 years of hard work we can gladly conclude that Jerusalem is now flourishing in education, culture, high-tech, business, infrastructure and construction, and all aspects of life. Jerusalem is the capital of a united and eternal Israel that is the heart of all of us and we will preserve it for good. "

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In the 51st year, the city of Jerusalem is flourishing in all areas and Jerusalem residents are among the most satisfied residents in the country.

90% of Jerusalemites over the age of 20 are satisfied with their lives in Jerusalem (96% of the Jews and 80% of the Arabs). 84% of Jerusalem residents are satisfied with their work. 74% of Jerusalem residents are satisfied with their area of residence.

The population of Jerusalem has grown in the past decade by more than 100,000 residents and is the largest city in Israel. In 2009, 737,400 residents lived in Jerusalem, and in the year 2018 approximately 865,700.

The population of Jerusalem is 10% of the population of the State of Israel is characterized by young ages - half of the population under the age of 24.

Jerusalem has been growing in the last decade

The budget of the Jerusalem municipality tripled over the last decade for the welfare of the city's residents.

In 2018, the municipal budget stands at a record NIS 9 billion - NIS 6 billion in the current budget and NIS 3 billion in the development budget.

This compares with the Jerusalem Municipality budget of NIS 4,064,000 billion in 2009, NIS 3,353 billion in the current budget, and NIS 711 million in the development budget.

The education budget has increased from NIS 800 million in 2009 to NIS 3 billion in 2018.

The city's appearance budget has increased from NIS 500 million in 2009 to NIS 1.2 billion in 2018.

The infrastructure budget increased from NIS 500 million in 2009 to NIS 1.8 billion in 2018.

The budget for culture, youth, sports and community increased from NIS 700 million in 2009 to NIS 1.3 billion in 2018.

The dramatic increase in municipal budgets has led to an improvement in municipal services, infrastructure, education, culture and sports, in the city's neighborhoods and in all areas of life, and this is not reflected in the high satisfaction of the residents.

A decade of change in education in Jerusalem

2009 marked a decade of decline in state and state religious education, which led to a historical low in which only 59,816 pupils studied in the State and Mamad (State Religious) schools.

Since 2009, following the actions of the mayor and the municipality, there has been a change of direction and a steady increase in the state and state religious schools, and today there are 65,865 students.

The trend of change is reflected in an increase in student enrollment in the education system:

In 2018, 4,700 students enrolled in first grade, compared with 3,989 in 2011.

In 2018, 4,590 students were enrolled in seventh grade, compared with 4,062 in 2011.

The education system in Jerusalem grew in all sectors from 231,000 students in 2009

To 277,500 students in 2017. In the education systems, there are 65,865 pupils in the State and Mamad (State Religious Education) schools, 100,031 in the ultra-Orthodox schools, and 91,798 in Arab education.

In addition, in the past year, the municipality has been leading a huge and groundbreaking program to build thousands of new classrooms that are missing in these sectors and provide a suitable classroom for every student in Jerusalem.

A decade of developing the business sector in Jerusalem

In the past decade, an emphasis has been placed on the business development of Jerusalem and the development of its businesses. In 2016 there were 39,100 businesses operating in Jerusalem, compared to 33,451 in 2009. In 2017, 4,248 new businesses were opened in the city - 1,600 businesses were up in business in 2016. In addition, the business district is currently being built at the entrance to the city, which is expected to add 60,000 additional jobs and attract large and international businesses to Jerusalem.

Jerusalem is the capital of high-tech

Over the past decade, Jerusalem has become an advanced hi-tech center attracting many start-ups.

In 2012 about 200 start-ups operated in Jerusalem and in the year 2018 - 620 companies operating in the city.

In 2012, there were about 12.5 thousand employees in technological companies, and today there are 18,000 employees.

Currently, two international development centers are being built with a total area of 90 thousand square meters (Rafael and Mobileye), which are expected to employ an additional 6,000 high-tech employees.

In 2015, Jerusalem was ranked as one of the 50 leading ecosystems in the world (37th place) and in 2017, 27th place, when it was named as the 20th largest in 2019 by Startup Genome, which examined more than 200 cities around the world. 

Jerusalem breaks records in tourism

In the past decade, there has been a 40% increase in tourism in Jerusalem.

In 2010, hotels in the city had 4.504 million person-nights (3.522 million tourists and 982.4 thousand Israelis), compared with 3.233 million person-nights in 2009 (2.584 million tourists and 639,000 Israelis), an increase of 40% in all person-nights (36% Tourist person-nights and 54% of the number of Israeli person-nights).

Jerusalem has become the city hosting the largest international sporting events in Israel, attracting tens of thousands of tourists from the world: the Jerusalem Marathon, the Grand Fondue, Giro d'Italia and other events. In addition, Jerusalem became an international conference center - in 2017 there were 531 conferences in Jerusalem, of which 203 were international conferences. Some 12,000 participants took part in the international conferences, which consumed about 35,000 person-nights.

The large increase in tourism led to the opening of about 1,000 new hotel rooms in the city in 2017.

Jerusalem is the cultural capital of Israel

Jerusalem has undergone a tremendous cultural revolution in the past decade and has become the cultural capital of Israel. The budget for supporting cultural institutions increased from NIS 5 million in 2008 to more than NIS 50 million in 2018.

Jerusalem has dozens of cultural and artistic institutions, museums and theaters, and most of the schools of culture and art operate there.

The budget for municipal subsidies in the sports associations was NIS 7.7 million in 2008, compared with NIS 1.7 million in 2008.

Next year in rebuilt Jerusalem - a decade of construction

From 2009 to 2018 - 24,747 housing units received a building permit in Jerusalem, during which 15,088 housing units were completed.

2017 was the peak year in which 4,000 new housing units were completed.

Between 2009 and 2018, plans were approved for the addition of 37,167 new housing units in Jerusalem, with 2016 being a record year in which 6,838 new housing units were approved.

In addition to the approval of housing units, over the past decade, dozens of projects in all areas of life have been established in Jerusalem:

Teddy Park, Hachayal Hapayis Arena, Teddy Stadium expansion, Givat Ram Campus, Ganeinim park, 200 playgrounds throughout the city, the Deer Valley, the metropolitan parks around Jerusalem, Beit Mazia, Hansen House, Alliance House, The first station complex, Cinema City, Yes Planet, a youth center, buildings for the youth movements in the neighborhoods, students on Agron Street, a home for the Ethiopian community in Talpiot, Shalva Center, new schools throughout the city.

The Biggest Aquarium in the Middle East, the upgrade of the White Eye and Ein Hiniya, the trail of discovery in the Botanical Gardens, the Skytapark in the Bell Park, the Pampatrak in Gonenim Park, the Kraft Sports Center in the Arazim Valley, the Har Homa Sports Complex, the Sports Complex in Sheikh Jarrah The construction of new hotels and the night lighting project on Jaffa Street . 

In addition, the municipality continues to promote additional projects:

The New City Library, the New National Library, Highway 16 - the new entrance to Jerusalem, the Mobileye Campus And many other projects.

Jerusalem is a student city

In 2018, 41,500 students study in Jerusalem, compared to 35,000 in 2009. Most of the students in Jerusalem are students - 61.8%. One-third of the students studying in Jerusalem are residents of the city andtwo-thirdss come to study in Jerusalem from all over the country.

Jerusalem is the leader in doctoral students in Israel.

Sources: Central Bureau of Statistics, Jerusalem Institute for Policy Studies, Jerusalem Municipality.

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